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Prenasal thickness to nasal bone length ratio: effectiveness as a second or third trimester marker for Down syndrome.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2015 Aug;191:28-32. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2015.05.011. Epub 2015 May 30.

Tournemire A, Groussolles M, Ehlinger V, Lusque A, Morin M, Benevent JB, Arnaud C, Vayssière C.
Maternal Fetal Medicine Department, Hôpital Paule-de-Viguier, CHU de Toulouse, Toulouse, France.2UMR 1027 INSERM, Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, Toulouse, France.3Cabinet d’échographie des Pharaons, Toulouse, France.4UMR 1027 INSERM, Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, Toulouse, France; Clinical Epidemiology Unit, University Hospital, Toulouse, France.5Maternal Fetal Medicine Department, Hôpital Paule-de-Viguier, CHU de Toulouse, Toulouse, France; UMR 1027 INSERM, Université Paul Sabatier Toulouse III, Toulouse, France. Electronic address: christophe.vayssiere@gmail.com.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol
ABSTRACT
AbstractOBJECTIVE: To assess the value of the prenasal thickness to nasal bone length ratio (PT/NBL) for detecting trisomy 21 (T21) after the first trimester.METHOD: Two examiners blinded to fetal T21 status retrospectively measured prenasal thickness (PT) and nasal bone length (NBL) of T21 and control fetuses at 15-36 weeks’ gestational age on two-dimensional images from all T21-screening ultrasounds from November 2010 to April 2013. ROC curve analysis and its diagnostic values determined the best cut-off value for the ratio. Interobserver reproducibility was assessed.RESULTS: Good quality ultrasound profile images were available for 26 fetuses with T21 compared to 91 normal fetuses. The median PT/NBL ratio was 1.28 for T21 and 0.73 for control fetuses (p<0.0001). The PT/NBL ratio performed significantly better (AUC 0.99; 95%CI 0.97-1) than either PT (0.82; 0.73-0.91) or NBL (0.91; 0.85-0.98). The optimal PT/NBL ratio cut-off was 0.98, with a sensitivity of 88.5% [76.2-100%] and a specificity of 100%. Interobserver variability was low.CONCLUSION: The PT/NBL ratio is a strong marker for detecting T21 in the second and third trimesters, significantly more effective than either indicator alone.Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Full Text Source: Elsevier Science
PMID:26070124 | http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26070124

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