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Gonadotropin stimulation in mice leads to ovarian accumulation of immature myeloid cells and altered expression of proangiogenic genes.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2014 Aug;179:75-82. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2014.05.025. Epub 2014 Jun 2.

Pencovich N1, Hantisteanu S2, Hallak M3, Fainaru O4.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol
AbstractOBJECTIVE: Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is associated with increased angiogenesis and vascular leakage. Immature myeloid cells (IMCs) and dendritic cells have been shown to be actively involved in angiogenesis in several disease models in mice and humans. Nevertheless, little is known about the role of these cells in the ovary. As such, this study sought to determine whether alterations in these ovarian myeloid cell populations are associated with gonadotropin stimulation in a mouse model.STUDY DESIGN: Four-week-old pre-pubertal C57Bl/6 female mice were allocated into three groups: high-dose stimulation (n=4; pregnant mare serum gonadotropins (PMSG) 20U for 2 days), low-dose stimulation (n=5; PMSG 5U for 1 day) and sham-treated controls (n=4). Human chorionic gonadotropin 5U was injected on Day 3, and the mice were killed on Day 5. Ovaries were analysed by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and quantitative polymerase chain reaction.RESULTS: Gonadotropin stimulation increased the proportion of CD11b(+)Gr1(+) IMCs among the ovarian myeloid cells: 22.6±8.1% (high dose), 7.2±1.6% (low dose) and 4.1±0.3% (control) (p=0.02). Conversely, gonadotropin stimulation decreased the proportion of ovarian CD11c(+)MHCII(+) dendritic cells: 15.1±1.9% (high dose), 20.7±4.8% (low dose) and 27.3±8.2% (control) (p=0.02). IMCs, unlike dendritic cells, were localized adjacent to PECAM1(+) endothelial cells. Finally, gonadotropin stimulation was associated with increased expression of S100A8, S100A9, Vcan and Dmbt1, and decreased expression of MMP12.CONCLUSIONS: Gonadotropin stimulation is associated with proangiogenic myeloid cell alterations, reflected by a dose-dependent increase in ovarian IMCs and a parallel decrease in dendritic cells. Recruited IMCs localize strategically at sites of angiogenesis. These changes are associated with differential expression of key proangiogenic genes.Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Full Text Source: Elsevier Science
PMID:24965984 |

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