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Evaluation of serum anti-Mullerian hormone levels to assess the ovarian reserve in women with severe endometriosis.

Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2014 Jan;172:62-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2013.10.003. Epub 2013 Oct 10.

Pacchiarotti A1, Frati P2, Milazzo GN3, Catalano A4, Gentile V3, Moscarini M3.
Author information 1Department of Obstetrics Gynecological and Urological Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Ospedale Sant’Andrea, Via di Grottarossa 1035, 00189 Rome, Italy; Laboratory Praximedica, via Magnagrecia, 117 Rome, Italy.2Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic Medicine and Musculoskeletal Sciences, University of Rome “Sapienza”, Rome, Italy.3Department of Obstetrics Gynecological and Urological Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Ospedale Sant’Andrea, Via di Grottarossa 1035, 00189 Rome, Italy.4Department of Obstetrics Gynecological and Urological Sciences, “Sapienza” University of Rome, Ospedale Sant’Andrea, Via di Grottarossa 1035, 00189 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: angelicacatalano87@hotmail.it.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol
ABSTRACT
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) serum levels in women with severe endometriosis, in order to demonstrate the effect of the disease on ovarian reserve.STUDY DESIGN: Prospective case-control study. One hundred and ninety-five patients were enrolled: 130 fertile patients (group A) and 65 patients with stage III and IV endometriosis, diagnosed by laparoscopy and histological examination (group B). AMH serum levels were measured in both groups and were compared using Student’s t-test.RESULTS: The two groups were homogenous for main demographic data. Group B had statistically significantly lower mean AMH serum levels (0.97±0.59ng/ml) than group A (1.72±0.63ng/ml) (p=0.001).CONCLUSIONS: This study is a demonstration of the damage of endometriosis on ovarian reserve, leading to a form of incipient ovarian failure, which is considered as an early sign of advanced ovarian depletion in young women. These findings suggest that AMH could be used in the follow-up of patients with endometriosis, in order to assess promptly the decrease of ovarian reserve.Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Full Text Source: Elsevier Science
PMID:24210790 | http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24210790

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